HIV test is a must when you notice some unusual signs.Within three to six months of contracting HIV,you will start noticing changes in your body skin, sore throat and several other signs discussed below.In most cases,we ignore them until the CD4 Count drops below the recommended levels. It’s advisable to rush to any VCT center near you and conduct HIV/AIDS test.
Early signs of HIV/AIDS are as follows:
One of the inflammatory responses of your overwhelmed immune system is the feeling of tiredness and lethargy. Fatigue can be an early sign of HIV, but a later one as well.
Throbbing muscles, joint torment, swollen lymph hubs
Lymph hubs are part of the body’s insusceptible framework and are usually kindled in case of a disease. The most part of them is placed in the armpit, the neck and the crotch. ARS is often confused for the seasonal cold virus, mononucleosis or another viral infectivity, even hepatitis or syphilis.
One of the first signs of ARS might be a mild fever, up to about 102 degrees F. In case you experience the fever, you may also often experience other generally mellow side-effects, such as sore throat, swelling of the lymph organs, weakness and others
Sore throat and headache
According to Dr. Homberg, sore throat and headache are frequently recognized as ARS only in context. One should be aware that the body still hasn’t produced antibodies to HIV, so an antibody test may not pick it up (the antibodies of HIV can be seen in a blood test from a few weeks to few months). One should find some other test options, like the one that detects viral RNA, usually within 9 days of the infections.
Skin rashes and skin sores
Most people with HIV develop skin problems. Rash is the most common symptom of HIV. In a person with HIV, the skin can become extremely sensitive to irritants and sunlight. A rash may appear as a flat red patch with small bumps, and skin may become flaky.
Sores, or lesions, may form on the skin of the mouth, genitals, and anus, and may be difficult to treat. People with HIV are also at increased risk of herpes and shingles. With proper medication, skin problems may become less severe.
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea
Around 30% to 60% of the people in the early stages of HIV deal with long-term nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea, Dr. Homberg says.
Weight reduction is a sign of more propelled illness and can vary between a minor weight reductions to extreme looseness of the bowels.
John first noticed that something was wrong with him because of the long and recurring dry cough. But, he thought it was some kind of allergy. According to Dr. Homberg, this cough is typical for patients of HIV who are very ill and could be going on for month
Weight reduction and the hack might be a forecast of a genuine disease caused by a germ that wouldn’t cause any troubles if the invulnerable framework was working properly. Other opening diseases include toxoplasmosis, a parasitic contamination that affects the mind.
Around 50% of people get night sweats in the early stages of HIV infection, Dr. Homberg explains. In the later stages, they become even more common and aren’t related to exercise or the room temperature.
Another sign of HIV contamination are nail changes, such as clubbing (bending and thickening of the nails), staining (dark lines or chestnut lines, placed vertically or on a level plane). This is mostly the case because of some infectious disease, like Candida for example. According to Dr.Malvestutto, patients with worn out insusceptible frameworks are feebler to contagious contaminations.
Bacterial and yeast infections
A fungal infection common in the later stages is thrush, mouth infection that is a result of Candida, which is a kind of yeast. According to Dr. Homberg, it is one of the commonest funguses that cause yeast infection in women. Most frequently, they appear in the mouth, or the oesophagus, and cause difficulties when swallowing.
Perplexity or trouble concentrating
Another sign of HIV-related dementia can be subjective issues, which appear mostly in the later stages of the disease. Perplexity and trouble concentrating aside, the AIDS-related dementia may also include problems with the memory and the behaviour, like bitterness or irritability.
Cold sores or genital herpes
Oral herpes (cold sores) and genital herpes are an indication of both ARS and HIV in the late stages. Having herpes can also represent a risk factor for contracting HIV, since genital herpes may cause ulcer and thus make it easier for the HIV to enter the body during sex. Also, people who have HIV usually have more severe herpes outbreaks more frequently because their immune system is weaker.
Shivering and shortcoming
Deadness and shivering in the feet and hands are also a sigh of HIV, in its later stages. The symptom is called fringe neuropathy, and it can also happen to people with uncontrolled diabetes. Dr.Malvestutto explains that at this point the nerves are quite harmed.
HIV disease in its late stages increases the risk of menstrual irregularities, like fewer and lighter periods. There’s a link between the HIV infection and the earlier menopause (47 to 48 years for infected women and 49 to 51 years for uninfected women).
We all have lymph nodes throughout our bodies, including the neck, back of the head, armpits, and groin. As part of the immune system, our lymph nodes fend off infections by storing immune cells and filtering for harmful substances. As the HIV infection begins to spread, the immune system kicks into high gear. The result is enlarged lymph nodes, commonly known as swollen glands. It’s often one of the first signs of HIV. In people infected with HIV, swollen glands may last for several months.
HIV makes it harder for the immune system to fight off germs, so it’s easier for opportunistic infections to take hold.